Q&A on Age-Related Macular Degeneration

What is age-related macular degeneration?

Age-related macular degeneration is the most common cause of vision loss in adults aged 50 and older. It is characterized by a destruction of the macula, which is part of the retina at the back of the eye. Macular degeneration can take two forms. Dry macular degeneration is the most common type and progresses gradually. Wet macular degeneration accounts for only 10 percent of macular degeneration cases and comes on more suddenly as a result of fluid leaks in the eye.

What are the symptoms of macular degeneration?

Symptoms may only appear in the later stages of the condition, especially with dry macular generation. These symptoms can include a distortion of straight lines, blurriness in the center of vision, and changes in color perception.

How is macular degeneration treated?

When diagnosed early, the progression of wet macular degeneration can be delayed with injections or laser treatments. There is no known cure for dry macular degeneration, but making certain lifestyle changes has been shown to slow the condition’s progression. Patients are advised to eat lots of leafy greens, reduce saturated fats in the diet, and maintain a healthy weight.

 

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