The Link between Diabetes and Eye Conditions

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Bond Eye Associates
Image: bondeye.com

A highly respected physician, Dr. Roger T. Adler practices opthalmology at Bond Eye Associates. Dr. Roger T. Adler is especially interested in treatment of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema, for which Bond Eye Associates offers a wide range of modern laser technology and therapeutic treatments.

Eye conditions often occur in patients with diabetes due to increases in blood glucose levels. Diabetes increases the risk of glaucoma, a disease that causes an accumulation of pressure in the eye that constricts blood vessels responsible for the travel of blood to the optic nerve and retina. Additionally, cataracts may develop at a younger age for people with diabetes. A cataract refers to a clouding of the normally clear eye lens, causing a blockage of light.

Diabetic retinopathy is a term that refers to any damage to the retina caused by the increased blood sugar levels associated with diabetes. Nonproliferative retinopathy occurs when capillaries form small pouches in the rear of the eye balloon. Nonproliferative retinopathy can lead to macular edema, the accumulation of fluid in the part of the eye responsible for focusing. Proliferative retinopathy occurs when blood vessel damage develops to the extent that the vessels close, and new, weaker vessels form as an alternative.