Macular Degeneration – An Introduction

 

Bond Eye Associates pic

Bond Eye Associates
Image: bondeye.com

Over the course of his career, ophthalmologist Dr. Roger T. Adler has developed and refined his expertise as a retinal specialist. As part of Bond Eye Associates, Dr. Roger Adler routinely treats cases of macular degeneration.

Macular degeneration stands out as the most common cause of vision loss in the United States today. More prevalent than glaucoma and cataracts combined, the condition occurs when the central area of the retina deteriorates.

Located in the rear of the eye, the retina is responsible for translating visual information into neurological signals. The term macula refers to the retina’s central area, and thus processes all functions of central vision, including those that allow a person to see detail and recognize colors.
When central vision breaks down, the patient may experience blurriness or distortion in the center of the visual field while peripheral vision remains clear.

Most patients experience what is known as dry or atrophic macular degeneration. Usually a result of aging, it most often develops when the macular tissues thin and deposits of protein form underneath the retina. Patients with this condition typically notice gradual vision loss.

The vision loss of dry macular degeneration is typically less severe than that involved in the wet, or exudative, form. This affects approximately 10 percent of patients with macular degeneration and results from the growth of abnormal blood vessels below the retina. These abnormally formed vessels can then leak and cause a rapid decline in central vision.

Experts urge patients who experience blurriness or distortion in the central vision realm to consult with an ophthalmologist. In some cases, a schedule of vitamins can help to mitigate the condition’s effects.