Diseases of the Retina

Macular Degeneration pic

Macular Degeneration
Image: bondeye.com

Dr. Roger T. Adler is an ophthalmologist with Bond Eye Associates, a clinic comprised of three offices in and around Peoria, Illinois. A graduate of the Chicago Medical School, Dr. Roger T. Adler specializes in retinal surgery, and is an expert in the diagnosis and treatment of the retina, including vitreous and macular diseases and conditions such as macular degeneration, retinopathy, and ocular inflammation.

Macular Degeneration: The primary cause of vision loss, macular degeneration is most often seen in older patients (age-related macular degeneration or AMD), and occurs when the center of the retina – the macula – begins to degrade. This part of the eye is critical to clear vision, and enables people to carry out tasks such as reading, driving, and recognizing colors.

Retinopathy: Often seen in individuals with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, retinopathy occurs when blood vessels in the retina incur damage. Though initially this condition may affect vision only slightly, it can eventually lead to blindness. Symptoms of retinopathy include seeing floating spots, dark or “empty” areas, and experiencing blurred vision.

Ocular Inflammation: Ocular inflammatory disease (OID) refers to any inflammation of the eye or the tissues surrounding the eye, including the optic nerve, blood vessels, and muscles. This disease can be caused by an infection or an existing inflammatory disorder, and can lead to glaucoma or cataracts.

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Macular Degeneration – An Introduction

 

Bond Eye Associates pic

Bond Eye Associates
Image: bondeye.com

Over the course of his career, ophthalmologist Dr. Roger T. Adler has developed and refined his expertise as a retinal specialist. As part of Bond Eye Associates, Dr. Roger Adler routinely treats cases of macular degeneration.

Macular degeneration stands out as the most common cause of vision loss in the United States today. More prevalent than glaucoma and cataracts combined, the condition occurs when the central area of the retina deteriorates.

Located in the rear of the eye, the retina is responsible for translating visual information into neurological signals. The term macula refers to the retina’s central area, and thus processes all functions of central vision, including those that allow a person to see detail and recognize colors.
When central vision breaks down, the patient may experience blurriness or distortion in the center of the visual field while peripheral vision remains clear.

Most patients experience what is known as dry or atrophic macular degeneration. Usually a result of aging, it most often develops when the macular tissues thin and deposits of protein form underneath the retina. Patients with this condition typically notice gradual vision loss.

The vision loss of dry macular degeneration is typically less severe than that involved in the wet, or exudative, form. This affects approximately 10 percent of patients with macular degeneration and results from the growth of abnormal blood vessels below the retina. These abnormally formed vessels can then leak and cause a rapid decline in central vision.

Experts urge patients who experience blurriness or distortion in the central vision realm to consult with an ophthalmologist. In some cases, a schedule of vitamins can help to mitigate the condition’s effects.

About Retinal Detachment

Bond Eye Associates pic

Bond Eye Associates
Image: bondeye.com

Through Bond Eye Associates in Illinois, Dr. Roger T. Adler cares for people with detached retinas and a variety of other conditions of the retina. In preparation for his medical career, Dr. Roger T. Adler secured his MD from the Chicago Medical School.

Retinal detachment constitutes a medical emergency requiring the care of a specialist. When it occurs, the retina, a part of the eye that is composed of highly light-sensitive cells, falls away from the tissues it is normally attached to. Since the retina is essential to vision, retinal detachment can result in permanent vision loss.

Often, retinal detachment begins as a tear or tears in the retina. Eye fluid enters these tears and starts a process that ultimately results in the detachment of the retina. Detachment can happen swiftly and with little to no warning, though patients do often experience flashing and the appearance of floaters.

Doctors treat detached retinas through surgery that reattaches the tissue to the eye. The type of surgery depends on the specific circumstances of the detachment in question.

Eye Illnesses – Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Bond Eye Associates pic

Bond Eye Associates
Image: bondeye.com

A skilled eye surgeon, Dr. Roger T. Adler treats patients with macular degeneration and other eye diseases at Bond Eye Associates in Central Illinois. Before establishing himself, Dr. Roger T. Adler completed his retina surgery fellowship in Atlanta, Georgia.

When physicians diagnose patents with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), it means that the macula, a part of the retina, has begun to degrade. The macula is composed of light-sensitive cells that help the brain interpret fine detail. These cells are far more sensitive than other retinal cells. When the macula breaks down, people with AMD experience the gradual loss of their central vision.

As people get older, their risk for AMD goes up. Scientists have yet to find the precise cause of the disease, though there does appear to be a genetic component in some cases. People can help reduce their risk of AMD through lifestyle modifications like quitting smoking. Those who smoke tend to develop AMD earlier and have worse symptoms.

Other lifestyle changes that can lower AMD risk include pursuing a healthier diet rich in vegetables and omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to help strengthen the macula.

Bond Eye Associates is your path to clearer vision.

For more information about Bond Eye Associates please visit our website at http://www.bondeye.com or call 309.692.2020. Bond Eye Associates is a medical group practice that brings full-service eye care to Central Illinois. Eye care services are provided by three physicians, four optometrists and a staff of more than 40. Bond Eye Associates has offices located in Pekin, Peoria and Canton.